Tuesday, May 17, 2022
More
    HomeABANDONEDChatterley Whitfield Coal Mine in 1937 is Now Abandoned.

    Chatterley Whitfield Coal Mine in 1937 is Now Abandoned.

    North Staffordshire’s largest coal mine, it had a long and illustrious history. It’s unknown exactly when Whitfield’s first coal mine opened for business. As long back as 13th-century coal mining is concerned, some experts say.

    South side of the Mines of Chatterley Whitfield Coal Mine

    Coal mining in Chatterley Whitfield has a long history.
    The south side of the mines. Author: Halfmonkey CC BY-SA 3.0

    Hulton Abbey’s monks may have been mining coal as early as the 14th century, according to popular belief. In 1750, there were more significant mining activity at this location.

    Chatterley Whitfield Coal Mine alternative view

    Coal mining in Chatterley Whitfield has a long history.
    Chatterley Whitfield mine alternative view. Author: Halfmonkey CC BY-SA 3.0

    Thomas Hargreaves began his investigation of Whitfield’s coal supply in 1838. The engine house, carpenter’s workshop, and brick factory were all constructed during this time period.

    Local resident Hugh Henshall Williamson, who lived not far from Greenway Bank Hall 12 years later, became active in the area’s mining endeavors. This man was probably one among the first to use the shafts that were discovered on the site, even though his exact occupation is unknown.

    Chatterley Whitfield Coal Mine photographed from the nearby hill

    Coal mining in Chatterley Whitfield has a long history.
    . Author: Halfmonkey CC BY-SA 3.0

    After Williamson’s work was completed, a number of shafts were widened and deepened. It was in 1860 that the Biddulph Valley Railway was built, extending the mining of coal even further.

    Tubes and ropes were the sole means by which miners could descend into the mines as they grown deeper over time. Coal was extracted from the same tubes. The task became more dangerous as the shafts grew longer.

    Chatterley Whitfield Coal Mine

    Coal mining in Chatterley Whitfield has a long history.
    . Author: Halfmonkey CC BY-SA 3.0

    One big danger was the methane gas. At the time, miners used candles to light their way through the mine, which could start fires or explode if there was a leak of methane gas in a tunnel.

    A group of people called the “Gentlemen of Tunstall” took over the mine after the death of Hugh Henshall Williamson. The first thing on their to-do list was to make the mines even deeper so that they could be even more powerful (particularly aiming at the Engine pit and the Ragman pit).

    Steam Engine in Chatterley Whitfield Coal Mine

    Coal mining in Chatterley Whitfield has a long history.
    One of the steam engines. Author: Chris Allen CC BY-SA 2.0

    During this time, the tubes that were used to lower the miners were taken out and replaced with cages, which greatly improved the safety of the workers. As time went by, however, the company started to lose money, and the mine was bought by the Chatterley Iron Company Limited.

    Get touch with our Pinterest

    The ventilator and the workshops.

    Coal mining in Chatterley Whitfield has a long history.
    Author: Alan Murray-Rust CC BY-SA 2.0

    A lot of mine shafts were getting bigger and deeper by now, and so the Chatterley Iron Company did just that: It widened the Bellringer shaft, which had been unused for a long time. Hugh Henshall Williamson used a mine shaft there. They even started to widen the mine shaft.

    Photo of the Hesketh shaft.

    Coal mining in Chatterley Whitfield has a long history.
    Author: Alan Murray-Rust CC BY-SA 2.0

    Laura Homer, the daughter of Charles J. Homer, was the inspiration for the name of this shaft. Whitfield Mine, like many others, has had accidents related with it, and it is no exception. On the 7th of February in the year 1881, a particularly noteworthy event occurred.

    The silhouette of the Hesketh tower

    Coal mining in Chatterley Whitfield has a long history.
    . Author: Halfmonkey CC BY-SA 3.0

    An underground blacksmith’s furnace exploded that day, killing 24 persons, due to the poor handling of the furnace. The force of the blast was so great that it brought the Laura Pit to its knees.

    Set of traditional colliery buildings

    Coal mining in Chatterley Whitfield has a long history.
    . Author: Alan Murray-Rust CC BY-SA 2.0

    The mine was severely affected by the Great Depression in the 1920s and 30s, but was able to recover at the onset of World War II. New factories, workshops, and improvements to mines totaled more than $250,000 throughout the course of the year.

    The Chatterley Whitfield mine produced one million tons of coal per year in 1939, when it opened. The mines were reorganized considerably further following World War II, resulting in even greater efficiency.

    The equipment above the Institute shaft.

    Coal mining in Chatterley Whitfield has a long history.
    Author: Halfmonkey CC BY-SA 3.0

    In 1977, on March 25, the mine was officially shut down for the last time. One year later, it opened as a museum that attracted a lot of people every single year. It took a while for underground tours to be banned, because there was a risk of floods.

    The former water tank.

    Coal mining in Chatterley Whitfield has a long history.
    Author: Alan Murray-Rust CC BY-SA 2.0

    Part of the mining structures remain today, while the rest has been converted into a public park following a multi-million pound investment.

    Read another Article from us: Amazing Abandoned hospital in Essex County in 19th century

    Author: We are a professional website publishers that specializes in providing top notch contents which include: Abandoned, Isolated Ancient and Ruined. We explore those places and try to give the best out of those places and stuffs as quality comes with time ago facts ,stay tuned better to come ahead!
    Viraleye
    Viraleyehttps://viraleye.net
    We are a professional website publishers that specializes in providing top notch contents which include: Abandoned, Isolated Ancient and Ruined. We explore those places and try to give the best out of those places and stuffs as quality comes with time ago facts ,stay tuned better to come ahead!
    RELATED ARTICLES

    LEAVE A REPLY

    Please enter your comment!
    Please enter your name here

    - Advertisment -
    Google search engine

    Most Popular

    Recent Comments

    %d bloggers like this: